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Common Drugs Made from Plants

Many of these plants are poisonous and if swallowed can cause serious illness or unconsciousness. They should only be used if administered by medically trained professional.

Plant
Drugs
Used

Amazonian liana
Curare
Muscle Relaxant

Annual madwort
Artemisinin
Antimalarial

Autumn Crocus
Colchicines
Antitumor Agent

Camphor Tree
Camphor
Rubefaciant; used in insect repellent and medical inhalants and liniment

Coca
Cocaine
Local Anesthetic

Common Thyme
Thymol
Antifungal

Deadly Nightshade (Belladonna)
Atropine
Anticholinegic

Dug Button (Nix Vmica)
Strychnine
Central Nervous System Stimulant

Ergot Fungus
Ergotamine
Analgesic

Foxglove
Dig Toxin, Digitalis
Cardio Tonic

Indian Snake Root
Reserpine
Antihypertensive

Meadowsweet
Solicylate
Analgesic

Mexican Yam
Dysgenic
Birth Control Pill

Mint Peppermint
Menthol
Rubefacient

Opium Poppy
Codeine, Orphine
Analgesic, Antitussive

Pacific Yew
Texel
Antitumor Agent

Recurred Thorn Apple
Scopolamine
Sedative

Rosy Periwinkle
Vincristine, Viblastine
Antileukalmia

Tea, Coffee and Kola Nuts
Caffeine
Central Nervous System Stimulant

Velvet Bean
L-Dopa
Antiparkisonian

White Willow
Salicylic Acid
Topical, Analgesic

Yellow Cinchona
Quinine
Antimalarial, Antipyreti

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